观察者模式

1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
17
18
19
20
21
22
23
24
25
26
27
28
29
30
31
32
33
34
35
36
37
38
39
40
41
42
43
44
45
46
47
48
49
50
51
52
53
54
55
56
57
58
59
60
61
62
63
64
65
66
67
68
69
70
71
72
73
74
75
76
77
78
79
80
81
82
"""http://code.activestate.com/recipes/131499-observer-pattern/"""


class Subject(object):
    def __init__(self):
        self._observers = []

    def attach(self, observer):
        if not observer in self._observers:
            self._observers.append(observer)

    def detach(self, observer):
        try:
            self._observers.remove(observer)
        except ValueError:
            pass

    def notify(self, modifier=None):
        for observer in self._observers:
            if modifier != observer:
                observer.update(self)


# Example usage
class Data(Subject):
    def __init__(self, name=''):
        Subject.__init__(self)
        self.name = name
        self._data = 0

    @property
    def data(self):
        return self._data
    
    @data.setter
    def data(self, value):
        self._data = value
        self.notify()


class HexViewer:
    def update(self, subject):
        print('HexViewer: Subject %s has data 0x%x' %
              (subject.name, subject.data))


class DecimalViewer:
    def update(self, subject):
        print('DecimalViewer: Subject %s has data %d' %
              (subject.name, subject.data))


# Example usage...
def main():
    data1 = Data('Data 1')
    data2 = Data('Data 2')
    view1 = DecimalViewer()
    view2 = HexViewer()
    data1.attach(view1)
    data1.attach(view2)
    data2.attach(view2)
    data2.attach(view1)

    print("Setting Data 1 = 10")
    data1.data = 10
    print("Setting Data 2 = 15")
    data2.data = 15
    print("Setting Data 1 = 3")
    data1.data = 3
    print("Setting Data 2 = 5")
    data2.data = 5
    print("Detach HexViewer from data1 and data2.")
    data1.detach(view2)
    data2.detach(view2)
    print("Setting Data 1 = 10")
    data1.data = 10
    print("Setting Data 2 = 15")
    data2.data = 15


if __name__ == '__main__':
    main()