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在Django模板中使用css、javascript 等静态文件

zihua 2013-09-28 23:09:40 点击: 957 | 收藏


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在使用Django开发的Web项目中是避免不了使用css、javascript、js等静态文件的,而对于这些静态文件的处理,django官 网这样写:Django itself doesn’t serve static (media) files, such as images, style sheets, or video. It leaves that job to whichever Web server you choose.就是说django本身不处理类似于图片、样式表、视频等静态文件,它将此项工作交给了你选择的Web服务器。

在网上搜索到的django项目处理静态文件的示例中,大家似乎都在使用如下的方法让django处理静态文件:

urlpatterns += patterns('',
      (r'^static/(?P.*)$', 'django.views.static.serve',
      {'document_root':  settings.MEDIA_ROOT}),
    )

 

而对于django.views.static.serve方法,django官网说得很清楚:Using this method is inefficient and insecure . Do not use this in a production setting. Use this only for development.就是说这种方法是低效且不安全的,不要在生产环境使用此方法,只在开发环境使用。

这时对于静态文件的处理,我们只能使用我们选择的Web服务器来处理了。比如使用nginx服务器的话,可以如下设置:

先设置settings.py,如下,

MEDIA_ROOT = '/home/denghaiping/workspace/djcode/mysite/static/'

# URL that handles the media served from MEDIA_ROOT. Make sure to use a
# trailing slash.
# Examples: "http://media.lawrence.com/media/", "http://example.com/media/"
MEDIA_URL = '/static/'

# Absolute path to the directory static files should be collected to.
# Don't put anything in this directory yourself; store your static files
# in apps' "static/" subdirectories and in STATICFILES_DIRS.
# Example: "/home/media/media.lawrence.com/static/"
STATIC_ROOT = ''

# URL prefix for static files.
# Example: "http://media.lawrence.com/static/"
STATIC_URL = '/static/'

# URL prefix for admin static files -- CSS, JavaScript and images.
# Make sure to use a trailing slash.
# Examples: "http://foo.com/static/admin/", "/static/admin/".
ADMIN_MEDIA_PREFIX = '/static/admin/'

 

apache2 配置如下:

<Location "/static/">
SetHandler None
Order allow,deny
Allow from all 
</Location>
Alias /static /home/denghaiping/workspace/djcode/mysite/static
Alias /static/admin /usr/local/lib/python2.6/dist-packages/django/contrib/admin/media

<Location "/static/admin">
SetHandler None                                                             
Order allow,deny
Allow from all 
</Location>

 如此配置以后,就可以让web服务器来高效的处理静态文件,而让django来处理动态内容。

原文链接:http://a280606790.iteye.com/blog/1107454

作者:zihua | 分类: python | 标签: nginx javascript django Web CSS | 阅读: 957 | 发布于: 2013-09-28 23时 |